Types of bananas. Did you know them all?

Types of bananas. Did you know them all?
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Do you know the different types of bananas? Fruits native to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia, they have played a fundamental role in the culinary and cultural history of humanity. From their roots in ancient Indonesia to their spread worldwide thanks to trade exchanges and exploration voyages, bananas have been appreciated for their versatility, flavor, and nutritional value. Nowadays, these fruits are an integral part of the diet in many cultures and continue to be a source of energy and nutrition for millions of people worldwide.

The first bananas?

The origin of bananas dates back to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia, especially in what are now the countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. It is believed that the first wild varieties of bananas were domesticated thousands of years ago by indigenous populations in these areas.

Over time, bananas spread worldwide thanks to trade exchanges and exploration voyages. They were taken to other parts of Asia as well as to Africa, where they became a staple food in many cultures.

During the 15th century, bananas were introduced to the American continent by Spanish and Portuguese explorers. They were taken to the Canary Islands and from there distributed to the Spanish colonies in Latin America. Today, Latin America is one of the main banana-producing and exporting regions worldwide.

The history of the banana is closely linked to the history of humanity, as it has been an important food in many cultures throughout the centuries. Its versatility, flavor, and nutritional value have made it a highly prized fruit worldwide.


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Properties of bananas

Bananas are a delicious and versatile fruit that offers a series of health benefits due to their nutritional content. Here are some of the most prominent properties of bananas:

  1. Rich in nutrients: Bananas are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals important for the human body, including vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium, magnesium, and dietary fiber.
  2. High potassium content: Potassium is an essential mineral for the human body, playing a significant role in regulating blood pressure, muscle and nerve function, and fluid balance in the body. Bananas are one of the best natural sources of potassium.
  3. Source of quick energy: Bananas contain carbohydrates, mainly in the form of natural sugars such as glucose, fructose, and sucrose. These sugars provide quick energy, making them an excellent choice to consume before or after physical activity.
  4. Rich in fiber: Dietary fiber found in bananas is important for digestive health. It helps maintain regular bowel movements, promotes a feeling of fullness, and can help control blood sugar levels.
  5. Promote cardiovascular health: Bananas are low in sodium and high in potassium, which can help maintain healthy blood pressure levels. Additionally, their fiber and antioxidant content may help reduce the risk of heart disease.
  6. Help improve mood: Bananas contain tryptophan, an amino acid that the body converts into serotonin, known as the “happiness hormone.” Consuming foods rich in tryptophan, such as bananas, may help improve mood and promote a sense of well-being.

Bananas are a nutritious and delicious fruit that offers a variety of health benefits, from supporting cardiovascular health to improving mood and providing quick energy. Incorporating bananas into your diet regularly can be an easy and tasty way to improve your overall well-being.

Types of bananas

There are several types of bananas, each with specific characteristics in terms of flavor, texture, and culinary use.

  1. Common banana: This is one of the typical types of bananas found in most supermarkets. It is usually consumed ripe and has a creamy, sweet texture.
  2. Plantain: Unlike the common banana, plantains are mainly consumed in their green or semi-ripe form. They are used in a variety of savory dishes and can be fried or cooked in different ways.
  3. Roatan banana: Also known as apple banana, this type of banana has a smaller, rounder shape with yellow skin. It is sweeter than the common banana and is usually consumed raw.
  4. Burro banana: This type of banana is shorter and thicker than the common banana, with pale yellow to brown skin. It is sweet and soft when ripe and is mainly used for eating raw or cooking.
  5. Dominico banana: Also known as “green banana,” this type of banana is very popular in Latin American cuisine. It is usually consumed green and is cooked in a variety of dishes such as tostones and mofongo.
  6. Silk banana: This type of banana is smaller and has a softer texture than the common banana. It is usually consumed cooked and is popular in Asian cuisine.


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5 banana curiosities:

  • Cold-resistant plants: Despite being a tropical fruit, bananas can grow in a variety of climates. Some varieties, like the Cavendish banana, can tolerate colder temperatures than other tropical fruits.
  • Radioactive fruits: Bananas contain a small amount of natural radioactivity due to the presence of potassium-40, a slightly radioactive isotope of potassium. However, the amount of radiation is so small that it is insignificant to human health.
  • Hangover remedy: Bananas are a popular choice for combating hangovers. This is because they are rich in potassium, which helps replenish lost electrolytes and restore energy levels after a night of alcohol consumption.
  • Variety of colors: Although we are accustomed to seeing yellow bananas in supermarkets, there are banana varieties of different colors, including red, purple, and even blue. These varieties are usually smaller and less common than yellow bananas.
  • Helps reduce stress: Bananas are a good source of vitamin B6, which is important for the production of neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine. These neurotransmitters are related to mood regulation and can help reduce stress and improve mental well-being.


Did you know about the different types of bananas? If you enjoyed this blog post on mentta, learn how to cook patacones.

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