Types of tomatoes: orchard varieties

Types of tomatoes: orchard varieties
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Would you know all the types of tomatoes that exist? Tomatoes are an essential ingredient in cuisines around the world, and their diversity is astounding. From the small, vibrant cherry tomato to the robust, meaty beef tomato, each variety brings something unique to the table. In this article, we’ll explore some of the most fascinating varieties that you can grow in your garden or enjoy in your favorite dishes.

Tomatoes, not only a staple in the kitchen, are real nutrient bombs that contribute to our health in a variety of ways. Abundant in vitamin C, they strengthen the immune system and offer antioxidant properties thanks to lycopene, which is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer.

Nutritional properties of tomatoes

  1. Vitamin C: They are an excellent source of vitamin C, a crucial antioxidant that helps strengthen the immune system, promotes skin health and fights free radicals in the body.
  2. Lycopene: This carotenoid pigment responsible for the characteristic red color of tomatoes has antioxidant properties. Lycopene has been shown to have cardiovascular health benefits and may help reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, especially prostate cancer.
  3. Vitamin A: They contain vitamin A in the form of beta-carotene, essential for eye health, cell growth and immune function.
  4. Potassium: This essential mineral helps regulate blood pressure, fluid balance and muscle function. They are a natural source of potassium, which contributes to maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system.
  5. Vitamin K: Important for blood clotting and bone health, vitamin K is found in significant amounts in tomatoes.
  6. Folic acid: Essential for fetal development during pregnancy, folic acid also plays a role in DNA synthesis and heart health.



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Types of tomatoes

  • Cherry Tomatoes: Little Jewels of Flavor

Cherry Tomato: Let’s begin our tomato types with the lovely Cherry tomatoes, small and round, almost like edible jewels. Their size is not indicative of their impact on the palate; these little treasures burst with a burst of sweetness, making them ideal for fresh salads and as healthy snacks. Planting them in your garden will not only add color, but also a dose of energy and vitality to your dishes.


Grape Tomato: As we explore the world of Cherry tomatoes, we come across the Grape tomato, an elongated variant that resembles bunches of grapes. These tomatoes are not only visually appealing, but also offer a fresh, juicy flavor. Incorporating them into your salads or as a garnish will add a touch of sophistication and freshness to your meals.

  • Medium-Sized Tomatoes: Oval Elegance for Your Favourite Dishes

Roma (or plum) tomato: Moving on to medium-sized tomatoes, we find the Roma variety, also known as plum. With their oval shape and lower juice content, Roma tomatoes are a favorite choice for sauces and preserves. Their firm, dense flesh adds a unique consistency to your culinary creations, making them a favorite of chefs and home cooks alike.

San Marzano: While exploring medium-sized tomato options, San Marzano tomatoes cannot be overlooked. With similarities to Roma tomatoes, these Italian tomatoes are known for their use in the country’s traditional cuisine. Their intense, meaty flavor makes them perfect for authentic pasta sauces and other dishes that call for that Italian touch.

  • Big Tomatoes: Beefsteak and Ace, Greatness on your Plate

Beefsteak: We now enter the realm of big, juicy tomatoes, where Beefsteak reigns supreme. With their generous size and abundant flesh, these tomatoes are the perfect choice for sandwiches and burgers that want to stand out. Their robust, juicy flavor is a culinary experience in its own right, adding a whole new dimension to your favorite dishes.

Ace: Another contender in the large tomato category is the Ace variety. With their firmness and size, these tomatoes are versatile and adapt well to salads and sauces. Their freshness and bright color make them an ideal choice for dishes that call for a burst of flavor and vibrancy.

  • Specialty Colored Tomatoes: A Rainbow on Your Table

Yellow Tomatoes: The diversity is manifested in their splendid range of colors. Yellow tomatoes, with their shiny skin, bring a softer flavor to the table. Incorporating them in salads and summer dishes will add a touch of freshness and vitality to your menu.


Orange Tomatoes: As we explore the rainbow of colors within the types of tomatoes, we can’t leave out orange tomatoes. With a distinctive orange hue that brightens up any dish, these tomatoes bring a vibrant, juicy flavor to your culinary creations. They are perfect for adding a splash of color to your winter dishes or for preparing sauces full of vibrancy.

Purple Tomatoes: Immerse yourself in the richness of dark purple with purple tomatoes. More than just a visual feast, these tomatoes are often sweeter, adding a unique dimension to your dishes. Their intense color and distinctive flavor make them a popular choice for dishes looking to stand out on the table.


  • Exotic Tomatoes: A Unique Flavor Adventure

Kumato Tomato: The diversity is not limited to their appearance, but also to their taste. The Kumato tomato, with its intriguing dark brown color, offers a unique sweet flavor. This exotic variety is perfect for those looking to venture beyond traditional tomatoes and experiment with new flavors in their cooking.



Green Zebra Tomato: We continue our journey into the exotic with the Green Zebra tomato, a variety that combines green colors and yellow stripes. More than just a feast for the eyes, they offer a fresh, distinctive flavor that adds a unique dimension to your dishes. Use them to create visually stunning dishes that will delight both the palate and the eye.

  • Plum Tomatoes: Tiny Treasures of Sweetness

Plum Tomato: Concluding our journey through the fascinating world of tomatoes, we come across the little treasures of sweetness, plum tomatoes. Smaller and sweeter than their counterparts, these tomatoes are perfect for eating straight or adding to salads. Their compact size hides an explosion of flavor that will delight your palate.

In short, the diversity of tomato varieties offers a world of possibilities in the kitchen and in the garden. From small, explosive cherry tomatoes to large, juicy beef tomatoes, each variety has its place at the table. Experiment with different types of tomatoes to discover new flavors and textures, and enjoy the richness that this versatile fruit can offer in your culinary creations.

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